Power Shortage in Pakistan
Energy is a backbone of any economy and important source of socioeconomic and development of a country. Power shortage in Pakistan is a Big Issue. And the reason is demand of power is more than supply. The average shortfall in power sector in Pakistan is 5000 MW reaching a peak of 7000 MW in summer.
The main agency responsible for the generation, transmission and distribution of electricity is Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA) along with Karachi Electric responsible for the supply of Electricity in Karachi city.
Twenty Independent Power Producer are also involve into generation of electricity. As of 2014 total capacity is 22000 MW with an average demand of 17000 MW which is difficult to achieve due to several difficulties.
Consumption and Generation of Power
The generation of electricity is 64.2% from fossil fuel, 29% from hydro and 5.8% from nuclear. Power shortages have been damaging Pakistan economy by two percent of GDP annually. This power shortage is the result of failures of successive governments to invest and expand power sector. Over 140 million of the nation has no excess to the electricity. Or facing load shedding in the excess of 12 hours daily.
Pakistan distribution and transmission network also needs urgent overhauling. As the line losses stand at 20% of the output far exceeding the international limit of 8%. The energy policy of 2013 gives some hope as government promises to increase efficiency, promote foreign invest, increase generation and set reasonable tariffs. Quaid-e-azam Solar Park and Whimper Wind Power Plant are two examples of the initiated by the government to diversify power sector in Pakistan.
And Additionally China is also investing in Pakistan energy infrastructure under China Pakistan economic corridor. Under different investment projects 10,400 MW of electricity will be adding to national grid in the next few years.
“Power Shortage in Pakistan” By Dr. Asim Rasheed.