Tuberculosis T.B

Tuberculosis T.B is an infectious disease usually effects on lungs. It caused by a bacteria called mycobacterium tuberculosis. This bacteria usually attack on lungs but also damage other parts of body like heart and kidney.

T.B affects all age groups and all parts of the world .This disease mostly affects young adults and people living in developing countries.


As I mention above that it‘s caused by a bacteria (mycobacterium tuberculosis) spread through air when a person with T.B. Only people who have active T.B infection are spread the T.B bacteria by coughing, sneezing even talking can release bacteria into the air. People who are greatly risk for T.B infection include very young and elderly homeless people who uses drugs weakened immune system or frequent contacts with someone who have active T.B system

Latent or active T.B

In healthy people the immune system is able to destroy the bacteria that cause TB. However, in some cases the bacteria infect the body but don not cause any symptoms (latent T.B), or the infection begins to cause symptoms within weeks or months (active T.B).

People with latent T.B eventually develop active TB years after the initial infection. This usually happens when the immune system is weakened.


T.B bacteria show no sign or symptoms of infection. Symptoms only appear when T.B bacteria become active. Common symptoms include

  • cough
  • fever,
  • weight loss ,
  • night sweats
  • chills
  • Chest pain.
  • Shortness of breath
  • Loss of appetite.


People with active T.B (particularly MDR T.B) will often require a prescription of multiple drugs. Anti T.Bs are to be taken for a long time. All medication is toxic to the liver and although side effects when they occur the patient can be quite serious. Side effects are included.

  • Fever
  • Jaundice
  • Vomiting
  • Dark urine
  • Loss of appetite


Avoiding T.B patient by not going or work, sleeping in the same room will help to minimize the risk of germs. Wearing mask covering mouth and ventilator rooms can also limit the spread of bacteria.

The most important thing do to finish entire course of medicine which are prescribed. It’s important to get treatment quickly and follow it through completion. This can stop transmission of bacteria.

Note:-All medicine have common (generic) brand name .The brand name is what a specific manufacturer calls product (e.g Tramadol). A medication may have many brand name but only one generic name.
For more information speak with your doctor or a pharmacist.
Thank you

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